Acne: what is it and how is it treated?
L ’ Acne is a skin disease that involve rash (called pustules or comedones) which often leave scars on the skin and can be cured through specific face treatments.
Acne and the scars are quite common and often, unfortunately, are not treated as diseases but as trivial symptoms that occur during adolescence or puberty. With acne is a general term for rashes, when in fact there are several acne formation process groups: the most common is the type acne vulgaris (acne) is often used with the term "acne": blackheads are found mostly in the face, but there are also on the neck, back, chest and shoulders. A major concern of acne is the disfigurazione, which can cause problems like loss of self-esteem until the depression.
The cause of acne is in the pores (follicles) capped by natural accumulation of sebum and dead skin cells. Sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands/waxy to lubricate the skin and hair.
The production of sebum varies and depends on the level of the hormone testosterone. This is why the male teenagers are more prone to acne during puberty, whereas for females, less frequently and before. However, given the varying level of hormones even before menopause, some women between 40 and 50 years old can be affected by cases of acne: never let your guard down!
Types of acne eruption:
As mentioned above, acne is caused by an excessive production of sebum and clogged pores. More guilty of this problematic and painful disorder is the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes P acnes that thrives under anaerobic conditions (without oxygen) and with excess sebum.
According to the variation of all these factors, such as hormones and age or bacteria, you experience various stages acne formation process sometimes simultaneously:
- Blackhead (pimples and blackheads): are types of acne eruptions created when hair follicles are "capped" by sebum, dead cells.
- Papules: small boils caused by inflammation or infection of hair peliferi. Can be red and often painful.
- Pustules are red and painful papules that are affected by an infection due to the presence of excess sebum.
- Nodules: are compact like papules and comedones but under the skin. The nodules are formed as a result of the accumulation of sebaceous hypersecretion in depth. .
- Cystic acne nodules, Nodule-painful skin are encysted hairs. These can cause permanent scarring.
Acne treatment is not to be taken lightly: untreated acne, indeed, spoil the epidermis with permanent scarring and emotional point of view often causes lack of self-esteem, depression and anxiety. Treatment should continue for as long as necessary to prevent the acne to return.
Unfortunately there are no magic cures for acne, and no single protocol for everyone, as there is no immediate cure:l acne treatment You can associate an action topical (applied to the skin) to a systemic (medicines ingested). Other treatments include laser or light-based technologies or Radio frequency and may be useful in case of scars.
Topical Treatments: are the standard treatments to treat acne light or moderate. Dressings include benzoyl peroxide, antibiotic creams, retinoids and salicylic acid.
Systemic Treatment It is often used for acute acne-prone skin inflammation or who did not respond to topical treatment and covering a large area of the body. It is antibiotics by mouth as tetracycline, macrolide antibiotics, minocycline, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and azithromycin.
Contraceptive pill There is an option to treat women with a moderate to acute acne. These pills contain estrogen, otherwise you can use medicines that affect the male hormones and thereby reducing the eruptions.
As for scars, however, there are several treatments, but they are all to be practiced with caution at a studio or a dermatological medical facility: the results are optimal, but chemical principles behind these cures are chemists, because include acids, zinc oxide, Microdermabrasion, laser and chemical peels.
The fight against acne, therefore, is difficult but possible: ritronare to smile and to show no fear. The important thing is not to resort to home remedies that can worsen inflammation and make sure you hire the right treatment.